- The New Chinese Immigration to Japan
- Alternative Media and Korean Democracy: The 2016 Candlelight Movement
- 1. Background
- Interview with Professor Gi‐Wook Shin
An interpersonal tie may or may not channel information and support that are relevant and helpful. This study assumed that social interaction with inter-ethnic co-ethnic contacts necessarily leads to health-related dis advantages. More concrete variables, which measure the specific contents of network relations e. Properly testing whether there is indeed a neighborhood effect on individual health outcomes calls for data consisting of smaller-level contextual units e. Lastly, additional studies would be needed to see whether the findings reported above on immigrants apply to non-immigrants as well, for which cross-national survey design is required.
Conventional knowledge has it that being socially well-connected has health benefits, at both individual and community levels. According to the aforementioned main findings, that actually depends on the type of connections. For the empirical subjects analyzed in the current study, there is an apparent paradox: being closely connected to other immigrants of the same ethnicity can be deleterious while ties to dissimilar others members of a different ethnicity can be salubrious.
This paradoxical complexity operates at the contextual level as well. That is, living in a residential area with more aggregate bridging, but not bonding, social capital is associated with health benefits. Moreover, the positive relationship between bridging network and health is stronger weaker in residential contexts with higher average bridging bonding social capital. And virtually no study has systematically explored whether and how co-ethnic and inter-ethnic ties are differentially related to immigrant SRH.
Future studies should take a comparative perspective in analyzing the network-health nexus in both immigrant and non-immigrant contexts, which could shed new light on how, when and why social connections and related resources matter for physical and mental wellbeing. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Published online Jan Harris Hyun-soo Kim. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
Received Nov 19; Accepted Jan This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Keywords: ethnic ties, community social capital, bonding and bridging networks, self-rated health, marriage migrants. Methods 2. Measures The outcome variable SRH is based on individual responses to the subjective or self-rated health question, which has been shown to be a reliable predictor of morbidity and mortality [ 49 ].
Table 1 Summary of variable definition and coding scheme. With whom do you spend time together doing hobbies? Whose weddings, funerals and birthdays have you attended? Open in a separate window. Table 2 Descriptive statistics. Outcome Measure SRH 0.
The New Chinese Immigration to Japan
Results Statistical results from estimating two-level logit models are reported in Table 3 and Table 4. Table 3 Multilevel models of the associations between SRH and social capital measures Individual-level covariates only. Table 4 Multilevel models of the associations between SRH and social capital measures Individual- and contextual-level covariates.
Conflicts of Interest The author declares no conflict of interest. References 1. Van dem Kinesebeck O. Concepts of social epidemiology in health services research. BMC Health Serv.
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Alternative Media and Korean Democracy: The 2016 Candlelight Movement
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Interview with Professor Gi‐Wook Shin
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